The Test series is Australia's first on home soil since the ball-tampering scandal in South Africa and the hosts started strongly, with India slumping to 86-5 after lunch, before Pujara's resistance and contributions from Rohit Sharma (37), Rishabh Pant (25) and Ravi Ashwin (25) helped the tourists stage a fightback.
Indian No.3 Cheteshwar Pujara batted for nearly all of Thursday's play, coming to the crease at the end of the second over - and departing to a piece of magic in the field by Pat Cummins with the last ball of the day.
At the end of day 1, Pujara had hit his first century in Australia, his 16th overall and India had ended day 1 of the Adelaide Test on 250/9.
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No fatalities have been reported, but Geelhart says three people were transferred to a Springfield hospital in critical condition. Among the hardest hit areas appears to be Taylorville, a small town that sits about 25 miles South and East of Springfield.
It sent Pujara on his way after scoring a composed 123 from 246 balls.
The experienced number three did what he has done many times before and stood his ground as wickets tumbled around him, including superstar Virat Kohli for three, with India stumbling to 143-6 at tea on day one.
Earlier in the day, Kohli opted to bat in ideal conditions but the top-order once again failed to apply themselves against the potent pace trio of Mitchell Starc, Josh Hazlewood and Cummins. Reflecting on the day's proceedings, Pujara said that the top order could have batted better, and hopes for a better show from the team in the second innings.
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The family are said to be now looking at the town's other unusual laws - including one that only recognises cats and dogs as pets. Brooke Best Dane Best will go down in history as the first person to throw a newly legal snowball in Severance.
Pakistan had to toil hard on day four of the third Test against New Zealand and picked up just two wickets in the entire day as the visitors strengthened their grip.
Australian bowling coach David Saker said it was a premeditated plan for the quicks to pitch it up and lure India's batsmen into false shots.
Veteran Murali Vijay, in the side after young gun Prithvi Shaw suffered ankle ligament damage in a warm-up game, didn't last much longer, caught behind by skipper Tim Paine off Starc for 11.
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An oil price around $60 suits the needs of producers and consumers and it should remain at that level in January, he said. The uncertainty over possible production cuts caused oil prices to dip on Wednesday as investors wait on a decision.
Vice captain Ajinkya Rahane and Pujara worked to steady the ship. It's time to sit back and observe as Australia seeks to rebuild its reputation in a four Test series against world cricket's powerhouse nation.