However, due to a lack of national monitoring of e-cigarettes, and keeping in mind that not everyone reports an injury, the researchers - led by Dr. Matthew Rossheim - believe that figure has been underestimated and that more people are harmed in some way by an e-cigarette.
Emphasising that there are enough differences between cigarettes and especially newer-generation devices, to show that they are not interchangeable nicotine delivery systems, Olonoff noted that research on e-cigarettes should be very different from that on traditional cigarettes. The article also stated that some e-cigarettes that say they are nicotine-free actually still contain the substance. In its Tobacco Control Plan 2017-2022, the United Kingdom government stated its intention to support consumers in stopping smoking and adopting the use of less harmful nicotine products, particularly e-cigarettes.
For this study, more than 2,000 youth in California completed three surveys over a three-year-period, allowing researchers to model e-cigarette and cigarette use from ages 16 to 20.
E-cigarettes are allowed in areas where cigarettes are prohibited.
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"Teens could potentially be getting addicted to something unsafe and harmful to their health", Olonoff said. Regardless, using e-cigarettes and vaping still isn't healthy.
The teen-friendly marketing and technology offered in e-cigarettes makes them more attractive than traditional cigarettes.
The Penn State study also said that the vapor that is exhaled by e-cigarette users has carcinogens in it, which is a risk to those nearby.
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E-cigarettes have been commercially available since the mid-2000s.
The findings appeared in the Journal of Nicotine & Tobacco Research. Olonoff's commentary encourages researchers to use these for consistency across all research. The technology has been advancing rapidly, which makes it almost impossible to set up-to-date policy initiatives.
Some lithium-ion batteries found in e-cigarettes can be defective and have been known to explode or catch fire, and in doing so they can cause third-degree burns; loss of tongue, teeth, or eyes; lacerations; and death.
When e-cigarettes were introduced, marketing campaigns suggested they could be used to curb cigarette use.
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