Anderson, who has 544 Test wickets, will have his eyes on equaling Ian Botham's record of 27 five-wicket hauls in the longest format.
England Cricket team replaced first test hero Ben Stokes with Chris Woakes and just like the former did in the first test, Woakes added to Indian cricket team's misery on the second evening of the second Test at Lord's as he dismissed the captain, Virat Kohli, leaving India at 49 for four at the end of 22 overs.
Root was clearly hoping that the lingering damp and overcast conditions would benefit Anderson and the 36-year-old took full advantage with some outstanding swing bowling. After having them 89/4 at one situation, Indian bowlers could not keep the pressure up on the England batsmen and Jonny Bairstow (93) and Chris Woakes (120 no) made the most of the opportunity.
Mourinho hails ‘monster’ Pogba performance as Man Utd make winning start
Pogba returned from his exploits with France at the World Cup as recently as Monday but was deemed fit enough to start the match. He added: "The thinking is he is a very good penalty taker and likes the responsibility of it and he is first choice".
England debutant Ollie Pope kept his composure, however, the 20-year-old Surrey batsman sprinting in from point to remove the bails rather than shying at the stumps.
India reached 11/2 with Cheteshwar Pujara (1 not out) and Virat Kohli (1 not out) in the middle when rain interrupted play in the seventh over of the day.
The excessive seam movement became too hot to handle despite only 35.2 overs being bowled on the day.
"I thought the wicket, because of the weather we can not control, it was to bat on", he said.
Perseid meteor shower set to peak this weekend
If you're in the Northern Hemisphere , you should be able to spot the meteors in the northeastern sky. The name comes from fact that the meteors appear to shoot out from the Perseus constellation.
After rain meant there was no play on Thursday, Anderson struck with the fifth ball of the match when Murali Vijay, aiming legside, was undone by late outswing and bowled for a duck.
"If we bowl like that today, with those conditions, we'd bowl most teams in the world out", he said. "When you build pressure all day no matter who you are it is hard", he said.
Heavy rain is expected for much of Sunday, but England have put themselves in an ideal position to win this Test and take a 2-0 lead in the series. Kuldeep Yadav and Cheteshwar Pujara come in for Umesh Yadav and Shikhar Dhawan.
Newcastle owner Mike Ashley's Sports Direct buys House of Fraser for £90m
It is unclear what Mr Ashley's plans are for the chain - but the move could in theory offer a reprieve for staff and customers. The billionaire has held an 11% stake in the business since 2014 and also owns nearly 30% of Debenhams, its main rival.